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Real estate market news

Kaarel Paap

Kaarel Paap

Broker of Commercial Real Estate

Mobile +372 5332 2451
Telephone +372 614 4558
Languages
kaarel.paap@arcovara.ee
View broker objects (112)

Considering the recent trends of business premises, the good location of an office building is more important than parking possibility, writes business premises broker at Arco Vara, Kaarel Paap.

Modern city space means valuing environment, where energy-efficient bureau buildings, environment-friendly transport solutions, green areas and the division of street space for the sake of pedestrians and light vehicles are on the foreground.

Similarly to changes in the urban milieu, people expect also from their workplace much more than simply a place to work. Hence, it is no longer most important to work in a city centre office reminiscent of a glass box, possess a parking place and pay for it hundred or more euros a month. More important appears to be the possibility to get to work comfortably by public transport or for the sake of health, on foot or by bike.

Nowadays, everyone has little time and office premise developers, wishing to offer great solutions for customers, need to pay ever more attention to efficiently joining people’s work and leisure time. Thus, in terms of office buildings, most significant issues concern the location of cycle and pedestrian tracks, green areas, public transport options and possibilities for washing and dressing.


In Tallinn, one of the most important aspects for companies is becoming the location of bureau premise in an area of cultural and environmental value, such as Kadriorg and especially the park, where construction of additional buildings is not a concern.

One such business building is under construction by Narva hwy at the area between Tallinn song festival ground and Kadriorg park. The architectural shape of this Narva hwy 116 building has been designed attractive, valuing the milieu of Kadriorg. Within a short walk from that house, you can find Pirita promenade, Tallinn song festival ground, KUMU art museum and the gorgeous Kadriorg castle with the Japanese garden.

The building’s external look is shaped by its main materials dolomite and glass, which have been designed in a modern minimalistic style. Along the plot border, a metal bordering fence of edged steel will be built on the supportive wall. In order to emphasize the verticality of the building, high windows have been designed.

 

Kaarel Paap

Kaarel Paap

Broker of Commercial Real Estate

Mobile +372 5332 2451
Telephone +372 614 4558
Languages
kaarel.paap@arcovara.ee
View broker objects (112)

In January, construction of an extraordinary office building began in Tallinn in Kadriorg, at Narva hwy 116. The building has 5 floors: 4 above ground and 0-level floor.

 

„The building’s unique location ties in itself Kadriorg park, the beach promenade, Narva highway and Pirita road. High floors and glass windows offer lots of light and spaciousness, providing a dashing environment, where smart house system is used to ensure high quality indoor climate - this ensures a perfect environment in great location,“ commented business premises broker at Arco Vara, Kaarel Paap.

 

The building has high windows (2,6 m) and ceilings (3 m), gas-heated underfloor heating, ventilation system with heat recovery and cooling system – controllable via smart house technology. Due to it’s unique location, the building’s attractive architecture has been designed by valuing the milieu of Kadriorg – the building’s external look is shaped by dolomite and glass.

 

Access to all floors by lift or via staircase hall. The staircase part of the façade is fully covered with glass, ensuring transparency and lots of light at the main entrance.

 

The building has thirteen parking lots on the ground and 0-level floor. Construction works will be completed by the end of 2017. The sales procedure is managed by Arco Vara.

 

More information about N116: www.arcovara.ee/en/n116

 

Arco Vara
Minutes of annual general meeting

Decisions of Annual General Meeting of Shareholders of Arco Vara AS

The annual general meeting of shareholders of Arco Vara AS held on 30 May 2017 adopted the following decisions:
 

  1. To approve the annual report of Arco Vara AS for 2016;

  1. To cover the net loss for the year ended on 31 December 2016 in the amount of 832 thousand euros from retained earnings;

    to pay dividends to the shareholders 0.01 euros per share, in the total amount of 65 070.12 euros. The list of shareholders entitled to dividends shall be fixed as at 14 June 2017, 23:59 PM. Dividends shall be paid to the shareholders by transfer to the bank account of the shareholders on 16 June 2017.

  1. To increase the share capital of Arco Vara AS conditionally by issuing up to 12 convertible bonds with the nominal value of 500 euros each in accordance with the conditions of the convertible bonds which are included in the materials of the AGM made available to the shareholders;

    provided that the net profit of Arco Vara group for the years 2017-2019 is at least 5.5 million euros, the convertible bonds will give the owners the right to subscribe for the total of up to 200,000 shares of Arco Vara AS for 0.7 euro per share starting from 10 May 2020 until 31 December 2020;

    in case of subscription the Management Board of Arco Vara may increase the share capital by up to 140,000 euros, i.e by 200,000 shares;

    the existing shareholders will waive their pre-emptive rights for the subscription of the convertible bonds as well as the pre-emtive rights for the shares issued after the conversion of the convertible bonds.

  1. To appoint an auditor for one year (until the next annual general meeting of shareholders) and appoint PricewaterhouseCoopers AS as the auditor. To pay the auditor for auditing the 2017 annual report according to the agreement concluded between Arco Vara AS and PricewaterhouseCoopers AS.

 

         Evelin Kanter
         Head of Legal Department
         Arco Vara AS
         Tel: +372 614 4594
         This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
         http://www.arcorealestate.com

Arco Real Estate Bulgaria was financed by the Operational Programme "Human Resources Development", financed by the European Union through the European Social Fund. The project is worth 216 259.24 lv.

The overall aim of the project is to provide preconditions for creation of sustainable jobs in Arco Real Estate Bulgaria for the unemployed and inactive persons with priority to integrate in the labor market of vulnerable groups and unemployed young people under 29 years of age, long-term unemployed and unemployed over 54 years. This will satisfy the need of company to create new positions.

The project provides the hiring of Arco Real Estate Bulgaria of 15 unemployed and inactive persons and aims to provide them with employment and integration into the labor market. Envisaged to implement project activities aim to create preconditions and terms to hire new employees, training on key competence 4 "Digital competence" to acquire knowledge and skills in software program for working with spreadsheets and to secure workflow by purchasing the necessary equipment, furniture and software for 15 jobs for the 15 representatives of the target group.

__________________________________

 

"АРКО ИМОТИ" ЕООД“, беше финансиран от Оперативна програма „Развитие на човешките ресурси“, съфинансирана от Европейския съюз чрез Европейския социален фонд . Проектът е на стойност 216 259,24 лв.

Общата цел на проекта е да се осигурят предпоставки за създаване на устойчиви работни места в „АРКО ИМОТИ“ ЕООД за безработни и неактивни лица, с приоритет към интегриране на пазара на труда на уязвимите групи на безработните младежи до 29 годишна възраст, продължително безработните и безработните над 54 г. По този начин ще се удовлетвори необходимостта на предприятието от разкриване на нови работни места.

Той предвижда наемането от „АРКО ИМОТИ“ ЕООД на 15 безработни и неактивни лица и цели да им осигури заетост и интегриране на пазара на труда. Предвидените за изпълнение дейности по проекта целят създаване на предпоставки и условия и наемане на нови служители, провеждане на обучение по ключова компетентност 4 „Дигитална компетентност“ за придобиване на знания и умения по софтуерна програма за работа с електронни таблици и обезпечаването на работния процес чрез закупуване на необходимото оборудване и обзавеждане и софтуер за 15 работни места за 15те представители от целевата група.

 

Overview of the residential market in Tartu and Tartu county (as at the end of December 2016)

 

In Tartu county, most transactions with improved residential land are made in Ülenurme municipality and Tartu town. Transaction activity is followed by Tartu municipality, Haaslava, Luunja and Tähtvere municipality. Differently from the transactions in Tartu town the near municipalities mostly concern new developments. Irrespective of the regional difference of transaction activity, the price levels of Tartu town and its neighbouring areas are not very differently priced, when considering the statistics. In the neighbouring municipalities of Tartu the transactions with the lowest prices have been done in Tähtvere municipality, where there are also only single residential regions.

 

Price level and transaction activity growth were led in Q4 by Tartu town’s neighbouring municpalities

In Q4 2016, 117 transactions with improved residential land were made in Tartu county as a whole, which was by 29% less than in Q3. Transaction price arithmetic average was 91,574 euros and median price 72,000 euros. Arithmetic average increased thus by 7,6% and median price 5,4%. Compared to Q4 2015, transaction activity increased by 18%, arithmetic average by 14% and median price by 9,1%. Residential market indicators have been rather unchanged; growth in transaction activity and price levels has occurred in the municipalities mainly on the account of new developments and more expensive secondary market objects. The residential market has moved away from the county centre, thus the level of transactions and price levels have been retained by the transactions in Tartu’s neighbouring municipalities.

 

In Q4 2016, 27 improved residential land transactions were made in Tartu town, which was 51% less than in Q3 and 23% less than in Q4 2015. Transaction price arithmetic average was 108,000 euros and median price 100,000 euros, which decreased from previous quarter by 2,3% and 2,0%. Arithmetic average increased from the same period by 7,6% while median price decreased by 6,5%. Price level has remained on a rather same level in a quarterly perspective, but the number of transactions has started to decrease somewhat. Decline in transaction activity is supported the seasonal nature of the market, the poor structure of dwellings with optimal closed net surface that are in a good state, and constantly increasing offer-based prices.

 

Due to the seasonality of the real estate market, it became more active in the larger areas in Estonia in Q3 both in August and September. Similarly to previous years, the residential market has lost part of its activity due to the approaching of winter in Q4. Differently from Tallinn and previous years, the expected growth in price levels in Christmas in Tartu and its neighbouring area was not seen; the more regular price increase in the end of the year became apparent already in November.

 

In December, a total of 33 improved residential land transactions awere made in Tartu county, the number of transactions increased from November by 11% but from December 2015 the number of transactions increased even by 50%. Arithmetic average transaction price was 104,000 eurots and median price 92,000 euros. Arithmetic average increased from November by 12% but decreased from December 2015 by 1,3%. Median price decreased since November by 3,2% while the decrease from the same time in 2015 was by 4,2%. The growth in price levels in the last years deduces from the transactions with more expensive secondary market and new developments, thus the price increase has occurred on the residential market as a whole.

 

In December 9 improved residential land transactions were made in Tartu town, with the arithmetic average transaction price of 84,000 euros and median price of 92,000 euros. Compared to November, 13% more transactions were done in Tartu, while the arithmetic average transaction price decreased by 43% and median price by 22%. Compared to December 2015, 25% less transactions were made in Tartu town, arithmetic average price level decreased by 29% and median price 28%. Major changes in the price levels depend on the few transactions and the fact that the sales of new developments and more expensive dwellings has become more frequent. In term of transactions in December, there were many transactions below 10,000 euros, which were not free market transactions but which enhance the decrease I statistic average price level.

 

Regional specificities of the residential market and consumer preferences

In terms of Tartu town, the most preferred residential areas are Tammelinn, Veeriku, Raadi-Kruusamäe and Ihaste. In these areas, there are also the largest residential areas in Tartu town. Differently from the general buildings in Tartu town, consumers do not prefer to acquire timber construction buildings characteristic to Tartu town. Both in Tartu town and its neighbouring municipalities mainly buildings with a stone construction and ground heating are looked for, the closed net surface of which remains between 150-200 m2.

 

The prices of residential buildings that need renovation start in Tartu town usually from 80 000 – 100,000 euros. The sales offers and transactions of residential buildings in a good state are usually between 120,000 – 170,000 euros. The price level of residential buildings in a very good state starts from 170,000 euros, high quality renovated buildings with a good location or new developments cost up to 250,000 euros. Most often sought buildings in Tartu are single family dwellings between 150,000 – 175,000 euros. Most important is considered to e the spatial plan and beneficial utilities.

 

Due to the scarcity of new developments in Tartu town suitable offers are mainly looked for in Ülenurme municipality, followed by Luunja, Tartu and Haaslava municipality. In the neighbouring areas of Tartu the price depends mainly on the location and the surrounding living environment, infrastructure, construction quality and the related solution. Price levels in areas close to the town are mainly between 200,000 – 250,000 euros.

 

Arco Vara estimates that the typical house purchaser in Tartu or its neighbouring areas is a young family with one to three children. In terms of suitable offers, the choice depends on the household income and thus loan capacity. Due to new developments the price levels are becoming more expensive when moving outwards from Tartu town, but the areas away from the small towns are ina lower price class (up to 80,000 euros).

 

In case of unimproved residential land, the most preferred plots are with communications (water and sewerage, electricity). The prices of unimproved residential land plots with communications in the neighbouring areas of Tartu town are mainly between 20,000 – 50,000 euros. The highest price levels have been in Raadimõisa residential area and Ihaste. The plots suitable for building of individual dwellings have been available less than the demand, which has been promoted mainly by the financing possibilities for development following the financial crisis and thus the low interest of real estate developers for planning and developing of residential areas.

 

Offer-demand dynamics

In 2016, 521 improved residential land transactions were made in Tartu county, which was by 9% more than in 2015 – the number of transactions was on the highest level since last years, being similar to the number of transactions in 2004 and 2007. Arithmetic average price level increased from 2015 by 17% and median price by 24%, price level has increased for new developments and more expensive secondary market objects. In the neighbouring municipalities of Tartu town interest has increased for new developments, this especially in Haaslava municipality.

 

The price levels of Tartu town and Tartu county residential market have grown in a stable pace in the last years, the increase became much quicker in 2016. The number of offers on the residential market was in a quick growth trend since 2013, but in 2016 the number of offers started to decrease to the similar level. In 2016 the number of offers of residential buildings decreased in Tartu county and Tartu town from June to September, after which offers have started to increase again, this especially outside the county centre. Based on short-term statistics, the price levels have somewhat increased on the background of the changes in the number of offers, which is mainly due to the constant addition of new developments.

 

When acquiring new developments or a residential building, consumers are choosing first between objects with the highest price, while the consumer confidence and requirements remain high. In terms of Tartu town, new developments have mainly built to more expensive areas – Kvissentali and in Ihaste, Hipodroomi development area; the expansion of these areas will remain topical also in the near future.

 

Outside the town, the historically most preferred area for buying a residential building and construction has been Ülenurme municipality. As a result of the fast growth of Ülenurme municipality and the related construction activity the suitable plots for construction are coming to an end in more preferred areas, thus the development is calming down. Construction of new developments has increased above all in the neighbouring municipality of Ülenurme municipality - Haaslava municipality. Haaslava municipality has many areas where the plots measured out in the boom period are finally finding purchasers.

 

Construction of an individual dwelling takes usually a year. The big difference in the number of construction and usage permits can depend on the fact that the absence of a usage permit does not hinder the putting into use of a dwelling but its sales (if the purchaser wants to finance it with bank loan). As single-family dwellings are usually built for oneself, not for sale, many dwellings receive usage permit with a temporal shift.

 

Forecasts

Compared to apartment market, residential building market is rather little active; thus, conclusions cannot be made for a longer perspective based on short-term statistics. Some statistic price changes depend on the transactions done with single very high or low prices. The residential market has also price levels for which sellers are ready to negotiate the price; thus, when reaching the actual transaction, offer and transaction prices usually differ by up to 10% (according to statistics of Arco Vara in 2016, in Tartu county on the average of 5%).

 

After the construction legislation that entered into force on 1 July 2015 residential building market has become more complicated as for Estonian real estate market. When purchasing with a bank loan, the credit institutions require that the documentation related to the dwelling is correct (incl. construction and usage permits, construction project and in case of smaller changes also construction notice/usage notice). Above all illegal buildings need legalisation; this happens mainly with older immovables where several outbuildings have been also built to the yard besides the dwelling.

 

In addition to available documentation and its importance access to the properties from public roads is also important. Property appraisers encounter many properties for which access from a public road has not been ensured. Until there is no access through a legal servitute, banks do not usually agree to finance the purchase.

 

Leaving aside the restrictions of commercial banks for enlivening of the residential market, no major changes are expected on the residential building market of Tallinn and its neighbouring areas in the near future. Dwellings are searched and purchased mainly by households that earn more than the average and whose social and economic welfare remains positive according to forecasts in the near future. According to estimates from Arco Vara, the prices of residential buildings in more demanded areas and plans can rise somewhat, but shortening of the sales period of more expensive residential buildings cannot be expected. Based on the statistics of Arco Vara, the average sales period of single, semi-detached dwellings, terraced house boxes in Tartu county was 272 days in 2016.

 

In Q1 2017, annual decline can be expected in the number of transactions due to the seasonal nature of the real estate market, where some moments of decline can be also seen in the formation of price levels. Average prices will be retained both by new developments and more expensive secondary market objects and also by the current high offer prices with the somewhat poor offer structure. In Q1, some addition of offers can be expected due to seasonality, which deduces from the fact that the interest for buying real estate decreases in winter; thus, the number of transactions decreases and the number of offers increases.

 

Overview of residential building market in Harju county (as at the end of December 2016)

 

In Harju county, most transactions with improved residential land are made outside the capital in areas close to Tallinn, where there are the most residential regions. Viimsi and Harku municipality stand out in terms of transaction activity. Purchasers’ preferences are the highest for up to 20 km outside of Tallinn that can be also considered the zone of going to work to Tallinn. Outside the municipalities close to Tallinn and the close areas to the county’s bigger centres, interest has remained modest. Differently from transactions done in Tallinn, the transactions in the neighbouring areas concern mostly new developments.

 

Price and transaction activity growth in Q4 was mainly led by new developments

Due to the seasonal nature of the real estate market, it became more active in Estonian larger areas in Q3 in August and September. In Q4, transaction activity started to decrease quickly, both compared to previous months and the same time last year. December turned out to be somewhat more active like in previous years, raising the price levels much higher in the Christmas month. The real estate market of the autumn supported by the weather conditions and Christmas expectation kept the interest high. On residential market, the sellers’ price wishes and purchasers’ preferences have remained rather similar to the previous quarters. Above all, the price wishes of new development offerers have increased like the demand for new developments. According to Arco Vara, there are sufficient offers on the market to meet the demand.

 

In Q4 2016, 22% less transactions were done with improved residential land in Harju county as a whole 22% than in Q3. The arithmetic average of transaction prices was 145,000 euros and median price 135,000 euros. Arithmetic average increased by 7,8% and median price even by 42%. Compared to Q4 2015, transaction activity increased only by 1,8%, arithmetic average transaction price increased by 12% and median price by 35%. Residential market indicators have remained largely unchanged; transaction activity has remained rather on the same level as earlier periods due to seasonality.  The growth of transaction activity and price level has occurred mainly in the capital and areas close to it with reference to new developments.

 

In December, a total of 125 improved residential land transactions were done in Harju county as a whole. Compared to November, the number of transactions had increased by 17% and compared to the same time in 2015 by 5,0%. The arithmetic average transaction price was 160,000 euros and median price 153,000 euros. Arithmetic average increased from November by 17% and by 10% from December 2015. Median price increased from November by 28% and compared to the same time in 2015 by 19%. The quick growth of both the median price and arithmetic average had significantly increased compared to previous periods. The number of transactions has constantly decreased since the summer of 2016, but the price level has strongly grown on the account of more expensive secondary market and new developments.

 

Harju county residential building market by municipalities

Harju county’s residential building market is formed mostly by more active areas in real estate market, of which the most important part form towns led by Tallinn and then municipalities close to the capital. Differently from the apartment market of Harju county, the residential market is somewhat more active when moving away from the capital; in areas where apartment s are not sought, it is easier to find a buyer to residential buildings. Among municipalities, the most preferred are these close to the roads leading out of Tallinn or close to the municipality centres.

 

Regional transactions’ number and price dynamics in Harju county municipalities in Q3 2016

Municipality *

Median transaction price

Change of median compared to last quarter

Change of median compared to the same time last year

Change in transaction number compared to previous quarter

Change in transaction number compared to the same time last year

Anija

25 000

25,0%

- **

0,0%

175,0%

Harku

65 000

-18,5%

-12,8%

-38,9%

-21,4%

Jõelähtme

110 000

91,3%

29,4%

-18,8%

-13,3%

Keila

52 500

20,8%

5,0%

-57,1%

-42,9%

Kernu

24 000

20,3%

50,0%

-22,7%

0,0%

Kiili

112 000

69,1%

-17,0%

10,0%

46,7%

Kose

135 000

320,2%

64,6%

-33,3%

20,0%

Kuusalu

65 000

62,5%

-29,5%

-23,1%

0,0%

Rae

213 950

20,9%

22,3%

16,7%

16,7%

Saku

69 000

-8,0%

15,0%

-27,6%

23,5%

Saue

186 018

77,2%

431,5%

100,0%

84,6%

Viimsi

153 388

20,0%

4,0%

-34,1%

-35,7%

* Municipalities where less than 5 transactions with improved residential land were conducted are not included in the table

** too few transactions were done in the area and thus have not been included here

Source: Land Board, transaction database

 

In term of Harju county municipalities, the most active areas are the municipalities close to Tallinn. These are Harku, Viimsi, Rae and Saue municipality that are all characterised by urbanisation due to the closeness of Tallinn and high activity of construction activity. The buildings concerned in these areas are usually new developments. When distancing somewhat from Tallinn, the most active areas are Saku, Kernu, Keila, Kiili and Jõelähtme municipality.

 

As for the number of transactions and median price in municipalities, more thorough conclusions cannot be made differently from the above mentioned areas, since regional transaction activity is too low to report forming trends.

 

Harju county’s residential market regarding towns

As for towns in Harju county, besides Tallinn, Maardu town is also active in terms of residential and apartment market; this is due to the town size and the immediate closeness of Tallinn. In other towns in Harju county, the general real estate market and residential market are rather little active compared to Tallinn town and its neighbouring areas. The residential market of small towns in Harju county is formed by residential buildings built in 1940-1990; new developments are mainly from 2011-2016.

 

Regional transaction number and price dynamics in Harju county towns in Q4 2016

Town *

Median transaction price

Change of median compared to last quarter (%)

Change of median compared to the same time last year (%)

Change in transaction number compared to previous quarter (%)

Change in transaction number compared to the same time last year (%)

Keila town

97 500

-27,8%

-27,8%

-45,5%

20,0%

Maardu town

55 000

-8,3%

25,0%

-10,5%

-32,0%

Tallinn

198 500

9,1%

10,3%

-15,2%

-20,8%

* Municipalities where less than 5 transactions with improved residential land were conducted are not included in the table

** too few transactions were done in the area and thus have not been included here

Source: Land Board, transaction database

 

In Q4 2016, transaction activity and price levels in the small towns in Harju county remained without major changes compared to earlier periods. As for small towns in Harju county thorough conclusions cannot be made due to short-term statistics, since the regional transaction activity is too low to report major trends. The number of transactions has started to decrease in Tallinn and the small towns in Harju county; the constant growth in price level can be thereby seen only in the capital.

 

Regional specificities of the residential market and consumer preferences

As for Harju county the most preferred areas outside Tallinn are above all naturally beautiful and private locations. The most preferred areas are in Harku and Viimsi municipality, thus the closeness of the sea and Tallinn are preferred. The price levels of areas close to Tallinn and also naturally beautiful are rather similar to the residential building prices close to its neighbouring areas.

 

The high season for purchasing unimproved residential land and buildings in need of renovation is above all in spring and summer. In spring, more ready buildings or buildings in need of renovation are searched in order to move in immediately or finalise the construction works during summer. As for purchases of unimproved residential land, autumn is more likely time, as starting construction works takes usually more time due to documentation after which the works can be started in spring.

 

For purchasers of residential or unimproved residential land, the region’s structure and state of roads and street network is most important. In areas with no complete infrastructure the plots are still of low liquidity following the once-time boom period. Interest for half-finished buildings has also decreased due to the high share of buildings that are ready or suitable for moving in. People are ready to pay higher price only for higher construction quality, internal finishing in a good state or a spacious plan.

 

Both in Tallinn and its neighbouring municipalities, residential buildings in a stone construction and with modern heating solutions are searched (electricity and liquid heating are the least valued), the closed net area of which is between 150-200 m2. In a state where incomes have steadily grown and general level of welfare is high residential buildings in a good state and ready for moving in are sought. New developments with a spacious plan, functionality, developed infrastructure and low utilities are preferred.

 

The prices of residential buildings that need renovation start in Harju county usually from 50,000 euros. The sales offers and transactions of residential buildings in a good state are usually between 80,000 – 130,000 euros. The price level of residential buildings in a very good state is between, 130,000 – 200,000 euros. The price level of summer houses close to Tallinn is usually between 25,000 – 50,000 euros depending on the state and location of the building. Summer house prices are mainly influenced by waterbodies close by and the state of the living condition.

 

Arco Vara estimates that the typical house purchaser in Tallinn or its neighbouring areas is a young family with one to three children. In terms of suitable offers, the choice depends on the household income and thus loan capacity. The price levels of residential buildings are usually higher in Tallinn and its neighbouring areas by the sea; when moving away from the capital toward the inland, the prices are becoming cheaper due to the distance.

 

Offer-demand dynamics

In 2016, 3.8% less transactions were made with improved residential land in Harju county compared to  2015, while the median price increased by 16% and arithmetic average transaction price by 11%. The number of transactions has been on the same level for several years, but considering the higher transaction prices, the average price levels have increased.

 

Differently from the apartment market, the number of offers on the residential market has remained rather unchanged since 2014. In 2016, the number of offers in Harju county decreased somewhat from August to December; in 2016 as a whole, the number of offers decreased by 2,5%. Based on short-term statistics, offer-based price levels have increased; real transaction prices have grown constantly compared to previous periods only in the neighbouring areas of Tallinn. Residential market is characterised by the seasonal decline in the number of offers in autumn and spring.

 

Consumers prefer new developments and when buying a property, selection is first made among properties with higher price; the purchasers’ confidence and requirements on housing remain high. As for Harju county, most new developments are built to areas in the immediate vicinity of Tallinn. These areas are the small towns and villages located mainly in Viimsi, Harku, Saue, Saku and Rae municipality and characterised by constant population growth. New development areas constantly arise for new developments when distancing from Tallinn, because suitable plots close to the city in more preferred areas are decreasing.

 

Construction of an individual dwelling takes usually a year. The big difference in the number of construction and usage permits can depend on the fact that the absence of a usage permit does not hinder the putting into use of a dwelling but instead the sales process (if the purchaser wants to finance it with a bank loan). As single-family dwellings are usually built for oneself, not for sale, many dwellings receive usage permit with a temporal shift.

 

Forecasts

Compared to apartment market, residential building market is rather little active; thus, conclusions cannot be made for a longer perspective based on short-term statistics. Some statistic price changes depend on the transactions done with single very high or low prices. The residential market has also price levels for which sellers are ready to negotiate the price; thus, when reaching the actual transaction, offer and transaction prices usually differ by up to 10% (based on statistics of Arco Vara, on the average 6,3%).

 

After the construction legislation that entered into force on 1 July 2015 residential building market has become more complicated as for Estonian real estate market. When purchasing with a bank loan, the credit institutions require that the documentation related to the dwelling is correct (incl. construction and usage permits, construction project and in case of smaller changes also construction notice/usage notice). Above all illegal buildings need legalisation; this happens mainly with older immovables where several outbuildings have been also built to the yard besides the dwelling.

 

In addition to available documentation and its importance access to the properties from public roads is also important. Property appraisers encounter many properties for which access from a public road has not been ensured. Until there is no access through a legal servitute, banks do not usually agree to finance the purchase.

 

Leaving aside the restrictions of commercial banks for enlivening of the residential market, no major changes are expected on the residential building market of Tallinn and its neighbouring areas in the near future. Dwellings are searched and purchased mainly by households that earn more than the average and whose social and economic welfare remains positive according to forecasts in the near future. In a situation where construction prices and the number of dwelling sales offers remain high one cannot expect shortening of sales periods or price levels. Based on the statistics of Arco Vara, the average sales period of the single-family dwellings, semi-detached houses and terraced house boxes in Harju county has been 210 days in 2016.

 

According to estimates from Arco Vara, the prices of residential buildings in more demanded areas and plans can rise somewhat, but shortening of the sales period of more expensive residential buildings cannot be expected. In Q1 2017, some decline can be expected in the transaction activity due to the season and thus some addition of offers. On the background of the large share of transactions with new developments, the average price level is estimated to be on the same level as in previous months.

 

Tallinn

Tallinn, Rävala pst 5, 10143+372 614 4600 info@arcovara.ee

Tartu esindus

Tartu, Soola 8, 51013+372 744 2218 tartu@arcovara.ee

Pärnu esindus

Pärnu, Rüütli 47, 80010+372 447 1430 parnu@arcovara.ee

Viljandi esindus

Viljandi, Lossi 18, 71003+372 435 9969 viljandi@arcovara.ee

Rakvere esindus

Rakvere, Laada 14, 44310+372 324 0888 rakvere@arcovara.ee

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Jõhvi, Rakvere 16, 41532+372 337 0400 johvi@arcovara.ee

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Narva, Tallinna mnt 19c, 20303+372 35 77 227 narva@arcovara.ee

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Kuressaare esindus

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+372 512 4236 paide@arcovara.ee

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Hiiumaa esindaja (d)

Põltsamaa esindaja (d)

Valga esindaja (d)

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